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XX5.05 - Auto-Origami and Soft Programmable Transformers: Simulation Studies of Liquid Crystal Elastomers and Swelling Polymer Gels 
April 23, 2014   9:30am - 9:45am

When the underlying microstructure of an actuatable material varies in space, simple sheets can transform into complex shapes. Using nonlinear finite element elastodynamic simulations, we explore the design space of two such materials: liquid crystal elastomers and swelling polymer gels. Liquid crystal elastomers (LCE) undergo shape transformations induced by stimuli such as heating/cooling or illumination; complex deformations may be programmed by "blueprinting" a non-uniform director field in the sample when the polymer is cross-linked, e.g. by forming it between patterned substrates which impose anchoring forces [1] . Similarly, swellable gels can undergo shape change when they are swollen anisotropically as programmed by recently developed halftone gel lithography techniques [2]. For each of these materials we design and test programmable motifs which give rise to complex deformation trajectories including folded structures, soft swimmers, apertures that open and close, bas relief patterns, and other shape transformations inspired by art and nature. Comparison with relevant experiments shows our model’s reliability. In order to accommodate the large computational needs required to model these materials, our 3-d nonlinear finite element elastodynamics simulation algorithm is implemented in CUDA, running on a single GPU-enabled workstation.[1] C.D. Modes and M. Warner, Phys. Rev. E 84021711 (2011).[2]J. Kim, J. A. Hanna, M. Byun, C. D. Santangelo, and R. C. Hayward, Science 9 March 2012: 335 (6073), 1201-1205.

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Keynote Address
Panel Discussion - Different Approaches to Commercializing Materials Research
Business Challenges to Starting a Materials-Based Company
Fred Kavli Distinguished Lectureship in Nanoscience
Application of In-situ X-ray Absorption, Emission and Powder Diffraction Studies in Nanomaterials Research - From the Design of an In-situ Experiment to Data Analysis