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SS5.07 - Electron Tomography Study on the Growth Process of CeO2 Nanocrystals: Ostwald Ripening or Oriented Attachment? 
April 23, 2014   4:00pm - 4:15pm

Understanding the nucleation and growth of nanoparticles in solution plays the key role to control the shape and morphology of the products. The growth mechanism of nanocrystals can be revealed from their microstructural details, such as the presence of pores, twins, and dislocations etc. However, conventional TEM images only show two-dimensional projections of three-dimensional (3D) particles, in which much information is lost in such 2D images. Electron tomography is the only technique which can provide a detailed analysis of the 3D shape and morphology at nanoscale. Here, we have firstly conducted a detailed analysis on CeO2 single crystals using electron tomography to demonstrate the shape and internal structures, thus revealing the growth mechanism of the CeO2 in solution. The CeO2 nanocrystals were synthesized by the hydrothermal method. With the assistance of electron tomography, it is found that the porous CeO2 nanocrystals have an irregular truncated octahedral shape with internal pores elongated along the <110> directions. Thus, it is concluded that in the hydrothermal process, the oriented attachment of nuclei through a lattice matched surface and subsequent Ostwald ripening results in the growth of CeO2 nanocrystals with the pores inside. The dominant mechanism for the ripening of nuclei in hydrothermal reactions is the oriented attachment. It is believed that the crystallographic orientation of the pores and corresponding aggregation mechanism for the single crystalline and porous CeO2 discussed here can also be applied to other porous materials synthesized by self-assembly in solution.

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Keynote Address
Panel Discussion - Different Approaches to Commercializing Materials Research
Business Challenges to Starting a Materials-Based Company
Fred Kavli Distinguished Lectureship in Nanoscience
Application of In-situ X-ray Absorption, Emission and Powder Diffraction Studies in Nanomaterials Research - From the Design of an In-situ Experiment to Data Analysis