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OO9.03 - Exceptional Ballistic Transport in Epitaxial Graphene Nanoribbons 
April 23, 2014   8:30am - 9:00am

Graphene electronics has motivated much of graphene science for the past decade. A primary goal was to develop high mobility semiconducting graphene with a band gap that is large enough for high performance applications. Graphene ribbons were thought to be semiconductors with these properties, however efforts to produce ribbons with useful bandgaps and high mobility has had limited success. We show here that high quality epitaxial graphene nanoribbons 40 nm in width, with annealed edges, grown on sidewall SiC are not semiconductors, but single channel room temperature ballistic conductors for lengths up to at least 16 µm. Sheet resistances below 1Ω in essentially charge neutral ribbons have been observed, surpassing two dimensional graphene by 3 orders of magnitude and theoretical predictions for perfect graphene by more than a factor of 10. The graphene ribbons behave as electronic waveguides or quantum dots. We show that transport in these ribbons is dominated by two longitudinal components of the ground state transverse waveguide mode, one that is ballistic and temperature independent, and a second thermally activated component that appears to be ballistic at room temperature and insulating at cryogenic temperatures. At room temperature the resistance of both components abruptly increases with increasing length, one at a length of 160 nm and the other at 16 µm. These properties appear to be related to the lowest energy quantum states in the charge neutral ribbons. Since epitaxial graphene nanoribbons are readily produced by the thousands, their room temperature ballistic transport properties can be used in advanced nanoelectronics as well.

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Keynote Address
Panel Discussion - Different Approaches to Commercializing Materials Research
Business Challenges to Starting a Materials-Based Company
Fred Kavli Distinguished Lectureship in Nanoscience
Application of In-situ X-ray Absorption, Emission and Powder Diffraction Studies in Nanomaterials Research - From the Design of an In-situ Experiment to Data Analysis