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C1.02 - Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles with Electropolymerizable π-Conjugated Systems for a Neuro-Inspired Memristive Nanoparticle Organic Synapse-Transistor 
April 21, 2014   2:00pm - 2:15pm

Nanoparticle Organic Memory Field-Effect Transistors (NOMFET) are molecule-based devices that exhibit the main behavior of a biological spiking synapse. This behavior is obtained by virtue of the combination of two properties of the NOMFET: the transconductance gain of the transistor and the memory effect due to the presence of nanoparticles (NPs) which are used as nanoscale capacitors to store the electrical charges, and which are embedded into an organic semiconducting layer [1]. Thus, the transconductance of the transistor can be dynamically tuned by the amount of charge in the NPs.In this context, we present here a novel method for the elaboration of NOMFET active materials based on the electrochemical deposition of gold NPs grafted with alkanethiol-terminated π-conjugated precursors combining low oxidation potential and high reactivity. The straightforward electropolymerization of these new precursors leads to the formation of a semiconducting network in which the electronic and transport properties and the charging/discharging speed of the gold NPs can be modulated. Such hybrid material could advantageously replace the pentacene layer generally used in NOMFETs. This novel approach is based on previously demonstrated enhancement of charge-tunneling across monolayers of SAMs of alkanethiol-bithiophenic systems on a planar gold surface after electrochemical conversion into more extended conjugated systems [2].The synthesis of the precursors and nanoparticles will be described and the morphology and electronic properties of the hybrid electropolymerized films will be discussed with regard to the behavior of the resulting NOMFET-devices.Work supported by European Union - FET project SYMONE (#318597) and ANR project SYNAPTOR (#12BS0301001)1. F. Alibart, S. Pleutin, D. Guerin, C. Novembre, S. Lenfant, K. Lmimouni, C. Gamrat, D. Vuillaume, Adv. Funct. Mater. 2010, 20, 330-337.2. M. Oçafrain, T. K. Tran, P. Blanchard, S. Lenfant, S. Godey, D. Vuillaume, J. Roncali, Adv. Funct. Mater. 2008, 18, 2163-2171.

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Keynote Address
Panel Discussion - Different Approaches to Commercializing Materials Research
Business Challenges to Starting a Materials-Based Company
Fred Kavli Distinguished Lectureship in Nanoscience
Application of In-situ X-ray Absorption, Emission and Powder Diffraction Studies in Nanomaterials Research - From the Design of an In-situ Experiment to Data Analysis